mercoledì 5 novembre 2014

What should you do if the condom breaks?

Condoms help to protect against sexually transmitted infections (STIs).and pregnancy

Accidents happen: In moments of passion, a condom worn incorrectly (or past its expiration date) can break or slip off, putting you at risk for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) such as HIV and—if you're a woman—pregnancy.

Remain calm...take a breath and relax. 
That will make it easier for you to make ration decisions.

 If the condom breaks while you're having sex and before ejaculation, immediately stop, pull out and apply a new condom.

If ejaculation has occurred, pull out carefully.

Shower or wash your genital area thouroughly with soap and warm 

Morning-after HIV prevention After such an accident, you and your

partner should get tested for STDs, including HIV, as soon as possible.

If you have been exposed to the HIV virus, ask for postexposure prophylaxis (PEP), a "morning after" treatment for HIV that may prevent infection.

The treatment is a monthlong course of HIV (antiretroviral) medications that are most effective if you start them right away—but may still work up to 72 hours after exposure. Side effects can include extreme nausea and fatigue. To find PEP, call a doctor, a health clinic, an AIDS service organization, or a health department, or visit your local emergency room.

Morning-after pregnancy prevention If you are a woman worried about unwanted pregnancy, consider following your condom accident with Plan B. The high-dose birth control pill is available over-the-counter (it's also known as emergency contraception, or EC) and can prevent pregnancy if taken within 72 hours.

Plan B is most effective when taken right away, and taking it within 24 hours is encouraged. Many women's health organizations recommend purchasing it before you need it, so that it's readily available if you ever do

Other methods of contraception prevent pregnancy but don't protect against STIs.

Morning-after HIV prevention After such an accident, you and your

Contraceptives that are more than 99% effective:
contraceptive injection (renewed every eight weeks or every 12 weeks, depending on the type) contraceptive implant (lasts up to three years) intrauterine system or IUS (up to five years) intrauterine device or IUD, also called the coil (up to five years) female sterilisation (permanent) male sterilisation or vasectomy (permanent)
Contraceptives that are more than 99% effective if used correctly: contraceptive patch (renewed each week for three weeks in every month) vaginal ring (renewed once a month) combined pill (taken every day for three weeks out of every month) progestogen-only pill (taken every day)

90% effective if used correctly: male condom (every time you have sex female condom (every time you have sex)

92-96% effective if used correctly: diaphragm with spermicide (every time you have sex) cap with spermicide (every time you have sex)

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